Posts tagged ‘City of Hope’

17-year-old wonders about bone marrow donor; soon, she’ll get answers

April 18, 2014 | by
Kayla Saikaly, 17, and her mother Samar fought her aplastic anemia together. They will meet the match who donated bone marrow for her lifesaving transplant at City of Hope May 9.
For most of her life, Southern California teenager Kayla Saikaly described herself as healthy, even very healthy. She played basketball. She never missed school with as much as a fever. Her worst childhood illness was nothing more than a cold. Kayla Saikaly, 17, and her mother, Samar, fought her aplastic anemia together. They will meet the donor of her lifesaving bone marrow at City of Hope on May 9. Then, when she was 13, her nose started bleeding after a basketball game. That incident, coupled with unexplained bruising on her arms and legs, worried her…

Cancers by ethnic group: Numbers tell just part of the story

April 13, 2014 | by
Cancer risk varies by ethnicity, as does the risk of cancer-related death. But the size of those differences can be surprising, highlighting the health disparities that exist among various ethnic groups in the United States. Both cancer incidence and death rates for men are highest among African-Americans, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Among women, incidence rates are highest among whites, but death rates are highest among African-Americans. “The causes of cancer health disparities are complex, with root causes stemming from genetic susceptibility, stress and immune function, and family history, as well as health care…

Mammograms: Screening should be based on individual risk, study says

April 8, 2014 | by
Review of eight studies on mammograms concludes breast cancer screening should be based on a woman's individual risk.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer, other than skin cancer, among women in the United States. It’s also the second-leading cause of cancer death, behind lung cancer. In the past several years, various task force recommendations and studies have questioned the benefits of broad screening guidelines for mammograms, disagreeing over how often to screen, when women should start screening and when they should stop. Review of eight studies on mammograms concludes breast cancer screening should be based on a woman’s individual risk. The waters become especially muddy when experts discuss the potential harm caused by “overdiagnosing”…

AACR 2014: Father’s age at birth may affect daughter’s cancer risk

April 7, 2014 | by
father's age and cancer risk of daughters
Paternal age and the health effects it has on potential offspring have been the focus of many studies, but few have examined the effect parental age has on the risk of adult-onset hormone-related cancers (breast cancer, ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer). A father’s age at the birth of his daughter may affect her later cancer risk, City of Hope researchers have found. A team of City of Hope researchers, lead by Yani Lu, Ph.D., explored this relationship and found that a parent’s age at birth, particularly a father’s age, may affect the adult-onset cancer risk…

New prostate cancer treatment uses MRI to guide ultrasound ablation

April 1, 2014 | by
City of Hope recently treated the first prostate cancer in the U.S. with an investigational procedure that uses MRI-guided ultrasound to "ablate" prostate cancer.
Men with prostate cancer face tough choices: when, or even if, to treat their cancer; what procedure to use; and how to balance their chosen treatment with their quality of life. Now, a new multicenter clinical trial seeks to offer men another option – one that physicians hope will treat prostate cancers with fewer side effects. City of Hope recently became the first center in the U.S. to treat a prostate cancer patient with an investigational procedure that uses MRI-guided ultrasound to “ablate” prostate cancer. As part of that trial, City of Hope has become…

E-cigarettes as smoking-cessation devices? Study adds to skepticism

March 24, 2014 | by
Though often marketed as a potential aid for smokers who want to quit, no studies support e-cigarettes as smoking cessation tools. A new JAMA study adds to the growing pile of evidence that the devices don't help smokers quit.
E-cigarettes have ignited plenty of debate recently, especially as cities have begun to ban public use of the devices, just as they’ve done with traditional cigarettes. Although users say e-cigarettes, or e-cigs, can help smokers quit, evidence that the devices are effective has been unconvincing – and a new study has failed to come to their defense. E-cigarettes are often marketed as a potential aid for smokers who want to quit, but no studies support use of the devices as smoking-cessation tools. Instead, a new JAMA study adds to the evidence that the devices don’t help…

Meet our doctors: Dawn Gross on supportive care and palliative care

March 22, 2014 | by
Dawn Gross of City of Hope
A cancer diagnosis and its treatment can be overwhelming. It’s normal for patients to experience burdensome physical symptoms and psychological distress, both from their disease and from the cancer treatment. Sometimes these symptoms require specialized care in addition to primary cancer treatment. Dawn Gross says supportive care can provide patients with a better quality of, and happier, life. Dawn Gross, M.D., Ph.D., the Arthur M. Coppola Family Chair in Supportive Care Medicine and chair of City’s of Hope’s Department of Supportive Care Medicine, explains that medical treatment isn’t just about a cancer directed therapy. It’s…

Chemo brain due to cancer treatment: Who’s at risk? What can be done?

March 21, 2014 | by
cancer treatment side effect
Cancer treatments obviously save lives, but sometimes at a high price, with side effects that can have a lasting impact. One of those side effects is a mental cloudiness often referred to as “chemo brain.” The confusion and memory problems linked to cancer treatment has a name: chemo brain. Some people are more likely than others to notice the problems. Chemo brain is clinically known as cancer-related cognitive dysfunction – mental changes that occur in cancer patients during or after treatment. Patients can have trouble concentrating, remembering details like names and dates, and multitasking; they might also…

Appendix rupture led to surprise diagnosis of kidney cancer (VIDEO)

March 20, 2014 | by
“One day I had a pain in my side and ended up having my appendix rupture. During that time of the appendix rupturing, they discovered I had a large tumor covering most of my kidney,” said Joelle Hood, a learning center principal and a certified life coach. Hood’s doctor referred her to City of Hope, where she met urologic oncology specialist Clayton Lau, M.D., an assistant clinical professor. They discussed the best treatment option for her cancer and took it day by day from there. (more…)

Scientists uncover important step in tumors’ blocking of immune system

March 19, 2014 | by
Cancers thrive and spread in part because of their ability to create fortresses around themselves that ward off the body’s natural immune defenses, a so-called immunosuppressive microenvironment.  A new study sheds light on how a tumor is able to work against the body’s immune system, a discovery with the potential to unlock new immunotherapies. Although a healthy body’s defenses against cancer and infection are driven by T cells that recognize and destroy foreign intruders, the environment created by cancer tumors often prevents this system from working. A new City of Hope study may ultimately provide…