Posts tagged ‘American Cancer Society’

9 questions and answers about cervical cancer

January 18, 2014 | by
Dr. Ernest Han
Cervical cancer, once one of the leading cancer killers in women, is now one of the nation’s most treatable cancers — thanks in large part to early detection, preventive measures and increased knowledge about the human papillomavirus, which can lead to the disease. In fact, cervical cancer is almost 100 percent preventable. Regular gynecologic care and pap smears can detect precancerous changes before they develop into cancer, and the precancerous changes themselves can often be prevented as well.   One of the most common questions that City of Hope surgeon Ernest Han gets about cervical cancer…

Yearly mammograms can lower risk of breast cancer spread

December 31, 2013 | by
Review of eight studies on mammograms concludes breast cancer screening should be based on a woman's individual risk.
Preventive mammogram guidelines have long been a hot topic for debate. Medical professionals and health care organizations are divided on how often a woman should be screened and at what age a woman should start preventive screening. A new study reaffirms women should be receiving mammograms starting at age 40 and continuing to receive them every year. Health care organizations such as the American Cancer Society recommend annual mammograms for women beginning at age 40. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that women be screened every two years starting at age 50. A new…

Annual report finds U.S. cancer deaths on decline (w/VIDEO)

December 22, 2013 | by
Dan Raz, M.D., co-director of City of Hope's Lung Cancer and Thoracic Oncology Program, says lung cancer screening with low-dose radiation chest CT scans saves lives.
Although there is still much progress to be made in treating, preventing and educating about cancer, the incremental improvements are bearing fruit. This is exemplified by the national Annual Report to the Nation on the status of cancer — published online in the journal Cancer on Dec. 16 — showing that death rates from all cancers are still declining, continuing a trend that began in the early 1990s. A new report finds that cancer deaths are on the decline, thanks to better treatments and lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking. The report — from the American Cancer Society, the…

Cavities can lower risk of head and neck cancers? Expert not convinced

September 16, 2013 | by
Cavities – commonly regarded as a sign of poor oral health – might not be so bad after all, suggests a new study linking cavities to a decrease in the risk of some cancers. But don’t toss the toothbrush just yet. An expert affiliated with City of Hope found the study to be extremely limited, so limited in fact that he doubts the findings. “The authors and correlation do not prove cause and effect,” said Joel Epstein, D.M.D., M.S.D., a consultant with the Division of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery at City of Hope. “Also, even…

Thyroid cancer: Growing incidence, but highly treatable

September 12, 2013 | by
Screening for thyroid cancer
Thanks to highly effective treatments, thyroid cancer is among the most treatable of cancers. But Thyroid Cancer Awareness Month — which is this month — brings attention to its challenges, including its growing occurrence and lack of routine screening. Better screening tools have led to improved detection of thyroid cancer, particularly smaller nodules that may have been missed by older tests. Although thyroid cancers are relatively rare — with approximately 60,000 new cases expected this year — incidence rates have doubled since 1990, in a time when many other cancers’ incidences have stayed stable or…

Caregiver study aims to reduce burden, improve outcomes

July 1, 2013 | by
Caregivers' needs are often neglected in healthcare; City of Hope aims to change that with an early intervention strategy.
Caregivers are profoundly impacted by their loved ones’ cancer diagnosis and treatments, and they themselves are at risk for a variety of problems. These include physical ailments due to neglect of their own health, emotional difficulties arising from their new responsibilities and their loved ones’ disease, and financial constraints caused by caregiving expenses and a potential loss of income. Caregivers’ needs are often neglected in health care; City of Hope aims to change that with an early intervention strategy. Common problems among caregivers are depression, anxiety, lack of sleep, loss of appetite, poor nutrition and lack of exercise,…

Mammogram rates not falling for women 40 to 49, despite U.S. advice

April 24, 2013 | by
Review of eight studies on mammograms concludes breast cancer screening should be based on a woman's individual risk.
Since 2009, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has recommended routine mammograms only for women age 50 and older. But a study published in Cancer on April 19 found that despite those recommendations, screening rates among women age 40 to 49 have not fallen. Mammogram rates among women ages 40 to 49 have not changed, despite recommendations against them from the US Preventive Services Task Force in 2009. In fact, between 2008 and 2011, the screening rate for that age group has risen slightly, from 46.1 percent to 47.5 percent. Looking at this data, the…

Sequestration’s impact on cancer could last for generations

March 9, 2013 | by
Cuts to  basic scientific research will have repercussions for years to come, warns Linda Malkas, Ph.D., deputy director of basic research at City of Hope.
All Americans will feel the blow of the sequestration’s cuts in the federal budget, but cancer clinicians, researchers and patients face a double whammy. The cuts will impact not just current efforts to treat and prevent cancer, but future efforts as well. Cuts to basic scientific research will have repercussions for years to come, warns Linda Malkas, deputy director of basic research at City of Hope. Trimming 5 percent from the National Cancer Institute (NCI)’s $5 billion budget might not sound like much, but the expected $250 million loss could cut grants for new research by 40…

To fight cancer, get screened – regularly

February 22, 2013 | by
Review of eight studies on mammograms concludes breast cancer screening should be based on a woman's individual risk.
One in a series of articles about how to reduce the risk of cancer… The adage “you can’t fix what you don’t know is broken” rings particularly true for cancers, where early detection means more effective treatments and better survival odds. Mammograms and other recommended screenings can help catch cancer in its earliest, most treatable stages However, too many Americans neglect to get these potentially lifesaving tests. According to a 2012 Frontiers in Oncology study surveying more than 170,000 U.S. participants, aside from colorectal cancer screening, Americans fell short of meeting the screening goals set…

Folic acid and cancer risk? Relax and have another cracker

January 25, 2013 | by
Bread and crackers
Folic acid is now a staple in U.S. diets, added to bread, flour, cereals, pastas and other baked goods as a way to reduce neural tube defects such as spina bifida. Most Americans simply take it for granted. The Food and Drug Administration requires that folic acid be added to bread and grain products in the U.S. to reduce the risk of neural tube defects. But in some countries, people wonder. And they worry. Despite some studies linking folic acid to a lower risk of colon cancer, they worry whether fortification might increase the risk of…