Breast cancer survivorship: Life after treatment (w/VIDEO)
"There is a growing group of patients who are surviving their breast cancers and getting on with the rest of their lives ... but many survivors may experience symptoms and issues as a result of their treatment," said Lily Lai, M.D., associate clinical professor and physician at City of Hope's Department of Surgery.
- Lymphedema, swelling of the arm that can limit movement and cause pain, due to lymph node removal during surgery
- "Chemo brain," deficits in memory, attention or cognition, that may be caused by chemotherapy treatments
- Nausea, fatigue and depression, which can be associated with any breast cancer treatment
The good news is that many of these symptoms are manageable, Lai said. For example, lymphedema can be mitigated by wearing compression sleeves; several drugs can treat depression and fatigue.
And with the number of survivors growing, Lai said, research in this field is expanding, too, particularly about specific treatments' potential side effects and complementary therapies that can address some of these symptoms.
Among the current studies are those assessing yoga's ability to reduce fatigue and acupuncture to treat nausea and chronic pain, Lai said. Although those therapies are still being studied for their efficacy, Lai does urge survivors to exercise.
"There's a growing body of literature that suggests maintaining a normal weight and increasing your physical activity can both help not only managing symptoms ... but can actually decrease the risk of recurrence of breast cancer and dying of breast cancer," Lai said.
And that's a benefit that any cancer survivor can support.